How to Conduct Health Checks on Your Pet at Home

As a pet owner, you want to make sure your furry friend is healthy and happy. Regular visits to the vet are important, but learning how to perform basic health checks at home can help you keep an eye on your pet’s health and catch problems before they worsen. Here is a guide on how to monitor your pet’s health at home.

Understand the Importance of Home Health Exams:

Home health exams are important for the early detection of health problems. Checking your pet regularly will help you become accustomed to its normal behaviour and health, making it easier to spot any problems. When cancer is caught early, it is usually easier to treat.

Pay Attention to general Behavior and Energy Levels:

First, pay attention to how your pet behaves and how much energy he has. Behavioural changes, such as becoming more tired or angry or no longer having fun, can be a sign of a health problem. Pay attention to any changes in your pet’s sleeping habits or the way he behaves around family members.

Look at the Skin and Coat:

Healthy hair should be shiny and free of dandruff, bald spots or excess oil. Slowly run your hands over your pet’s coat to check for sores, bumps or bumps. Check the skin for redness, flaking, or signs of fleas, ticks, or other pests. Don’t forget to look in hard-to-see places, such as the belly and the base of the tail.

Look at the Eyes:

Clear and bright eyes are a sign of good health. Slowly pull your lower eyelid down to see if any redness or moisture is visible. Cloudiness, excessive tearing, red or white eyelash lines, crusting, swelling, or a visible third eyelid are all signs you should be concerned about.

Look at the Ears:

If your pet’s ears are red, smelly, or have a lot of wax on them, it could be a sign that he or she is sick. Do not put anything in the ear canal and be careful. Some breeds are more prone to ear problems, so it is especially important to check their ears regularly.

Watch Your Pet’s Diet:

Pay close attention to what your pet eats and drinks. Changes in the amount of water or food you want to eat can be warning signs. Also watch for weight loss or gain, as these could be signs of deeper health problems.

Check Dental Health:

The dental health of pets is often overlooked. Check your pet’s teeth and gums regularly. If your gums are healthy, they should be pink, not red or white, and your teeth should be clean and free of tartar. Bad breath could mean something is wrong with your teeth.

Feel the Body and Limbs:

Gently touch your pet’s body to look for any sores, lumps, or bumps. Look at their arms to see if they are swollen or injured. Pay attention to how your pet moves and walks. Joint or muscle problems can manifest as difficulty standing, stumbling or reluctance to jump.

Look at the Claws and Nails:

Check your pet’s nails and claws. The soles of the feet should be free of cuts, thorns, or stones and the nails should be the correct length. Look for signs of pain or damage between the toes.

Pay Attention to Your Pet’s Heart Rate and Breathing:

Pay attention to the way your pet breathes. Movements should be smooth and regular, effortless and not noisy. Another way to check your pet’s heart rate is to feel the pulse in the femoral artery, which is located in the hind leg.

Look for Bugs Everywhere:

Check your pet regularly for fleas, ticks, worms and other pests. Look for flea dirt, which looks like small black dots, on places such as the neck and base of the tail. Watch for any changes in your stool, such as diarrhoea or signs of worms.

Look at Your Pet’s Bathroom Habits:

Pay attention to how your pet pees and poops. If your urine and stool change in volume, colour, odour, or consistency, it may be a sign that you have a medical problem. It is also important to pay attention to any pain or tightness when you go to the toilet.

Write Down Your Health Notes:

Record any changes or concerns you have about your pet’s health in a book or other document. It may be helpful to share this with your vet during normal visits or exams.

When Should You Take Your Pet to the Vet?

Home health screenings are helpful, but they should not replace medical care. If you notice anything strange or abnormal about your pet’s health, you should make an appointment with your veterinarian. It is important to have your pet vaccinated, receive preventive care, and discuss any health concerns with your veterinarian regularly.


It is a good practice for pet owners to perform regular health checks on their pets at home. It keeps you informed of your pet’s normal health and alerts you immediately if anything goes wrong. Please note that these examinations should not be used as a substitute for professional veterinary care. Instead, they should be used with it to keep your pet healthy and happy. If you handle it responsibly, your pet will live a long, healthy and happy life.


1. How often should I perform a health check on my pet at home?

It’s a good idea to perform a basic health check on your pet at least once a month. However, if your pet is older or has health problems, more frequent checkups may be necessary. Be sure to observe your pet daily for any sudden changes in behaviour or appearance.

2. What is most important during a home health check?

Important factors to look out for are changes in behaviour, energy levels, appetite and toileting. Check physically for abnormalities in the coat and skin, eyes, ears, teeth and gums, as well as for signs of discomfort or pain in the body and extremities. Also, watch for signs of parasites.

3. What should I do if a problem is discovered during my pet’s health check?

If you notice anything unusual or concerning during your pet’s wellness exam, such as lumps, persistent scratching, lameness, or changes in eating habits, contact your veterinarian. They can guide you and arrange professional inspections if necessary.

4. Can home health exams replace regular vet visits?

No, home health examinations should not replace regular vet visits. They complement professional care. Regular vet visits are essential for vaccinations, routine screenings and to address health concerns that may not be discovered during home exams.

5. How can you monitor your pet’s dental health at home?

To check your pet’s dental health, gently lift the lips and look at the teeth and gums. Healthy gums should be pink (although some dogs are born with pigmented gums) and the teeth should be clean and free of excessive tartar buildup. Bad breath can also be a sign of dental problems. Regular brushing and chewing can help keep your teeth healthy, but an annual professional cleaning by your vet is also recommended.

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